Do Commas Not Join Independent Clauses?

Do you put a comma after but?

You should put a comma before but only when but is connecting two independent clauses.

I would go for a walk, but it’s raining outside.

That means they’re independent clauses, so you need to use a comma before but.

When you don’t have two independent clauses, leave the comma out..

Do non restrictive clauses use commas?

Nonrestrictive clauses are usually introduced by which or who and should be set off by commas. … The clause “whom I love dearly” is nonrestrictive because you could remove it and it would still be clear that you’re talking about the same person—“my wife” is already specific. Your writing, at its best.

How do you use two independent clauses in a sentence?

Here are examples of two independent clauses joined together in one sentence by a comma and a coordinating conjunction:The beach is a lot of fun, yet the mountains are better.A group of us went to the movie, and we agreed it was enjoyable.I went to the store, but I forgot to bring my shopping list.More items…

What are the 8 rules for commas?

Commas (Eight Basic Uses) … USE A COMMA TO SEPARATE INDEPENDENT CLAUSES. … USE A COMMA AFTER AN INTRODUCTORY CLAUSE OR PHRASE. … USE A COMMA BETWEEN ALL ITEMS IN A SERIES. … USE COMMAS TO SET OFF NONRESTRICTIVE CLAUSES. … USE A COMMA TO SET OFF APPOSITIVES. … USE A COMMA TO INDICATE DIRECT ADDRESS.More items…

What is the difference between restrictive and nonrestrictive clauses?

Restrictive and Nonrestrictive Clauses Defined. Restrictive clauses limit the possible meaning of a preceding subject. Nonrestrictive clauses tell you something about a preceding subject, but they do not limit, or restrict, the meaning of that subject.

Can you join three independent clauses?

To separate two (or three) independent clauses in a compound sentence. (Compound sentences are sentences that have two (or three) independent clauses which are joined by one of the following conjunctions: for, nor, yet, so, and, but, or. The comma always appears just before the conjunction.

How many commas do you need for 3 words?

Use commas to separate three or more items in a series. Lists of three or more words, phrases, and clauses require commas between each item. For example: a. The fox shouts, cackles, and yells.

How many clauses can a sentence have?

As I just said, a clause is a group of words with a subject and a verb. But that structure alone does not guarantee a complete sentence. Clauses can be dependent, or incomplete, or independent or complete. Every complete sentence in English contains at least one clause; many sentences have two or more clauses.

What are dependent and independent clauses examples?

, independent clause. Example: I was tired from working all day; therefore, I decided to go to bed early. When the dependent clause begins with a subordinating conjunction (connecting word) and precedes the independent clause, separate the clauses with a comma. dependent clause, independent clause.

Is this an independent or dependent clause?

An independent clause is a group of words that contains a subject and verb and expresses a complete thought. An independent clause is a sentence. Jim studied in the Sweet Shop for his chemistry quiz. A dependent clause is a group of words that contains a subject and verb but does not express a complete thought.

What is an example of a nonrestrictive clause?

Redwood trees, which grow in California, can be over 350 feet tall. ( Which grow in California is a nonrestrictive clause. It contains the subject which and the verb grow. The clause modifies the noun trees, providing additional, nonessential information about it.)

How do you tell if a sentence is independent or dependent?

An independent clause is a sentence that has a subject and a verb and requires no extra information to understand. Dependent clauses, which start with subordinating conjunctions such as “while,” “that,” or “unless,” give background information but cannot stand on their own as sentences.

How many independent clauses can you have in a sentence?

A simple sentence consists of only one clause. A compound sentence consists of two or more independent clauses. A complex sentence has at least one independent clause plus at least one dependent clause.

Is there a comma between independent and dependent clauses?

~ Use a comma to separate the dependent clause from the independent when it follows the independent one if the dependent clause is nonessential. Keep in mind, however, that many dependent clauses will be essential and will not require a comma.

What clause should be separated by commas?

Comma Use. 1. Use commas to separate independent clauses when they are joined by any of these seven coordinating conjunctions: and, but, for, or, nor, so, yet. The game was over, but the crowd refused to leave.

Do you always need a comma between two independent clauses?

To separate independent clauses, as in the third example above. That is, when two independent clauses (each can stand alone as a complete sentence) are joined with a coordinating conjunction, a comma is required before the conjunction. Without the comma, the sentence is known as a run-on sentence.

How do you punctuate a list of independent clauses?

An independent clause is a group of words that can stand on its own (independently)—it is a complete sentence. Semicolons can be used between two independent clauses. The semicolon keeps the clauses somewhat separate, like a period would do, so we can easily tell which ideas belong to which clause.

Is it grammatically correct to put a comma before and?

Use a comma before any coordinating conjunction (and, but, for, or, nor, so, yet) that links two independent clauses.