How Do I Know If I Need A Comma?

What is the Oxford comma rule?

“The so-called ‘Oxford comma’ is an optional comma that follows the penultimate item in a list of three or more items and precedes the word ‘and’ …

The general rule is that it should be used consistently or not at all ….

Where do you put commas?

Extended Rules for Using CommasUse commas to separate independent clauses when they are joined by any of these seven coordinating conjunctions: and, but, for, or, nor, so, yet. … Use commas after introductory a) clauses, b) phrases, or c) words that come before the main clause.More items…

What does a comma splice mean?

In English grammar, a comma splice or comma fault is the use of a comma to join two independent clauses. For example: It is nearly half past five, we cannot reach town before dark. The comma splice is sometimes used in literary writing to convey a particular mood of informality.

How many commas are too many in a sentence?

If you feel you have too many commas, you do. Like, no one can say you should have twenty-seven commas per page or anything like that. The first question would be, Do you have commas in inappropriate places? If you have sentences like, “Bob walked, to, the store, slowly” then yes, there are too many commas.

Who is VS that is?

As a general rule of thumb use “who” in the singular person, and use “who” and “that” where appropriate in the plural person. But never use “who” to indicate an object/subject, instead use “that” for that purpose.

What are the 8 rules for commas?

Commas (Eight Basic Uses) … USE A COMMA TO SEPARATE INDEPENDENT CLAUSES. … USE A COMMA AFTER AN INTRODUCTORY CLAUSE OR PHRASE. … USE A COMMA BETWEEN ALL ITEMS IN A SERIES. … USE COMMAS TO SET OFF NONRESTRICTIVE CLAUSES. … USE A COMMA TO SET OFF APPOSITIVES. … USE A COMMA TO INDICATE DIRECT ADDRESS.More items…

How many commas should be in a sentence?

Last but not least, use a comma to separate three or more items. You can use two commas for three items, or if you’re like me you obsess over the Oxford Comma. That’s the little comma that can be arguable both necessary and unnecessary, and is after the last item listed in the series.

Can we use comma after that?

Dependent clauses (clauses introduced by words like “that”, “which”, “who”, “where”, “how”, etc.) are usually neither preceded nor followed by a comma. For example: correct Cars that don’t have seat belts aren’t allowed to carry children.

How many commas do you need for 3 words?

Use commas to separate three or more items in a series. Lists of three or more words, phrases, and clauses require commas between each item. For example: a. The fox shouts, cackles, and yells.

Can you use and twice in a sentence?

It’s grammatically valid, though the two “ands” in one sentence make it sound slightly awkward. You want to avoid joining more than two sentences with “and”, because it sounds very awkward. This doesn’t do that, because the two “and”s are used in slightly different ways, but it’s still slightly awkward.

Can a sentence have 2 commas?

Warning! A comma cannot be used on its own to join two sentences. A comma only indicates a pause in a sentence; it can not join sentences without the addition of a co-ordinating conjunction. For example, these two sentences, whilst grammatically correct, would read better if joined.

Does a comma go before if?

If the dependent clause follows the independent one, no comma is places before if, whether, because, although, since, when, while, unless, etc. Rule 6: Use commas before and after parts of the sentence that are not essential to its meaning.

Is it grammatically correct to put a comma before and?

Use a comma before any coordinating conjunction (and, but, for, or, nor, so, yet) that links two independent clauses.

Which is or that is?

In a defining clause, use that. In non-defining clauses, use which. Remember, which is as disposable as a sandwich bag. If you can remove the clause without destroying the meaning of the sentence, the clause is nonessential and you can use which.

How do you punctuate Not Only But Also?

“Not only… but also” can be used to connect either nouns or clauses. When it connects nouns, you never use commas, but when connecting clauses that are complete sentences, you use a comma to separate them. My favorite food is not only lobster but also scallops and shrimp.

Where do we use that in a sentence?

‘That’ is used as a determiner at the beginning of sentences to indicate one object which is far from the speaker….’That’ as a DeterminerThat’s my friend Tom over there.That’s a pencil you have in your hand.Those paintings are by Cezanne.That is my house on the corner of the street.

Can you use but without a comma?

You should put a comma before but only when but is connecting two independent clauses. I would go for a walk, but it’s raining outside. … That means they’re independent clauses, so you need to use a comma before but. When you don’t have two independent clauses, leave the comma out.

How do you punctuate also?

The words too and also generally do not need commas with the exception of also at the beginning of the sentence. Historically too and also had commas before them at the end of the sentence. Since the words are just plain adverbs, there was never really a need to use those commas.

What is a comma used for?

Use a comma near the end of a sentence to separate contrasted coordinate elements or to indicate a distinct pause or shift. Use commas to set off phrases at the end of the sentence that refer back to the beginning or middle of the sentence.

What is difference between which and that?

“That” is used to indicate a specific object, item, person, condition, etc., while “which” is used to add information to objects, items, people, situations, etc. Because “which” indicates a non-restrictive (optional) clause, it is usually set off by commas before “which” and at the end of the clause.