Quick Answer: How Do You Use Commas In A List?

Do you use a comma before the last item in a list?

Do not place a comma after the last item in the list (see fourth example below) unless the structure of the sentence otherwise requires it (see third example below, in which the comma after audience is required to separate an introductory dependent clause from the main clause)..

What is the rule for items in a series?

In a sentence, commas can be used to separate three or more words, phrases, or clauses in a series. Each item in a series has a comma placed between it and the next item. Additionally, a conjunction, such as the word ‘and,’ can be placed between the last two items in the series.

How do you use or in a list?

If you are listing simple items, as above, separate each item with a comma. You should use “and” or “or” just before the last item to indicate the conclusion of the list. “And” is inclusive and means all of the items mentioned apply, whereas “or” indicates that only one of the items is relevant.

How do you use a semicolon in a list?

Use a semicolon between items in a list or series if any of the items contain commas. There are basically two ways to write: with a pen or pencil, which is inexpensive and easily accessible; or by computer and printer, which is more expensive but quick and neat.

What is a list without and called?

Polysyndeton is a stylistic device in which several coordinating conjunctions are used in succession in order to achieve an artistic effect. … In a normal situation, the coordinating conjunction “and” is used to join the last two words of the list, and the rest of the words in the list are separated or joined by a comma.

How do you punctuate a list in a list?

The Right Way to Punctuate Listsa comma or no punctuation for lists that do not contain the main verb.a full stop after each sentence for lists that contain at least one item with multiple sentences.a semicolon otherwise.

How do you use a comma with and?

It is grammatically correct to use a comma before “and” (and other coordinating conjunctions such as “but”, “or”, “nor”) only when it splits two independent clauses (i.e. if you remove the “and” you will be left with two complete sentences), or if you’re using it as an Oxford comma.

Where do I place a comma?

Extended Rules for Using CommasUse commas to separate independent clauses when they are joined by any of these seven coordinating conjunctions: and, but, for, or, nor, so, yet. … Use commas after introductory a) clauses, b) phrases, or c) words that come before the main clause.More items…

Is there a comma before and in a list?

Whether or not you put a comma before and depends on how you’re using and. There’s no single rule that applies to all situations. You usually put a comma before and when it’s connecting two independent clauses. It’s almost always optional to put a comma before and in a list.

What are the 8 rules for commas?

Commas (Eight Basic Uses) … USE A COMMA TO SEPARATE INDEPENDENT CLAUSES. … USE A COMMA AFTER AN INTRODUCTORY CLAUSE OR PHRASE. … USE A COMMA BETWEEN ALL ITEMS IN A SERIES. … USE COMMAS TO SET OFF NONRESTRICTIVE CLAUSES. … USE A COMMA TO SET OFF APPOSITIVES. … USE A COMMA TO INDICATE DIRECT ADDRESS.More items…

How do you use commas in a series?

One use of the comma is to separate three or more words, phrases, or clauses in a list or series. Commas go after each item except the last. Note: In British usage, there is no comma before the conjunction (such as and or or) before the last item in the series.

Should I put a comma before the last item in a list?

Despite the fact that not all style books agree on this issue, we recommend using a comma after the next-to-last item in a series—the serial comma, as it is called (or the Harvard or Oxford comma). This recommendation also applies, of course, when the items in a list are joined by the conjunction or.

Do you use a comma to separate items in a series?

Use commas to separate three or more items in a series. Lists of three or more words, phrases, and clauses require commas between each item. For example: a. The fox shouts, cackles, and yells.

Is the Oxford comma optional?

“The so-called ‘Oxford comma’ is an optional comma that follows the penultimate item in a list of three or more items and precedes the word ‘and’ … The general rule is that it should be used consistently or not at all …

How do you punctuate a list of items?

If the items in the list are single words or phrases with no internal punctuation, put a comma at the end of each item. … If the items in the list are phrases or clauses with punctuation in them, put a semicolon at the end of each item.More items…

How do you list two things in a sentence?

When you list two items, you can separate them with a conjunction. Remember that a conjunction is a word that joins two words, phrases, or sentences. When you list more than two items, you separate them as follows: Put a comma between all items, and put a comma + and before the last item.

Do you put a comma after but?

You should put a comma before but only when but is connecting two independent clauses. I would go for a walk, but it’s raining outside. … That means they’re independent clauses, so you need to use a comma before but. When you don’t have two independent clauses, leave the comma out.