Quick Answer: What Is The Difference Between Restrictive And Nonrestrictive Clauses?

What is difference between restrictive and nonrestrictive?

Restrictive clauses limit or identify such nouns and cannot be removed from a sentence without changing the sentence’s meaning.

A nonrestrictive clause, on the other hand, describes a noun in a nonessential way..

Who which clauses examples?

Take a noun (person or thing) and add information to it in the form of a “who” or “which” clause. Examples: The lion was most grateful for the appearance of the little mouse. The lion, who felt he would never be able to disentangle himself from the hunter’s net, was most grateful for the appearance of the little mouse.

When to use which vs what?

“Which” is more formal when asking a question that requires a choice between a number of items. You can use “What” if you want, though. Generally speaking, you can replace the usage of “which” with “what” and be OK grammatically.

What are nonrestrictive elements?

Nonrestrictive elements are groups of words that can be removed without changing the meaning of the sentence. Because removing them does not change meaning, nonrestrictive elements can be set off from the rest of the sentence.

What is a restrictive phrase?

Definition: A phrase is restrictive (also called essential) if it narrows down the word it modifies. It tells which one of a noun you are writing about. A restrictive phrase is necessary to the meaning of the sentence. Restrictive phrases do not have commas around them.

How do you punctuate nonrestrictive elements?

a Use punctuation (commas, parentheses, dashes) to set off nonrestrictive/parenthetical elements.

What does a relative clause mean?

A relative clause is one kind of dependent clause. It has a subject and verb, but can’t stand alone as a sentence. It is sometimes called an “adjective clause” because it functions like an adjective—it gives more information about a noun.

Which is or that is?

In a defining clause, use that. In non-defining clauses, use which. Remember, which is as disposable as a sandwich bag. If you can remove the clause without destroying the meaning of the sentence, the clause is nonessential and you can use which.

What is a defining clause?

As the name suggests, defining relative clauses give essential information to define or identify the person or thing we are talking about. … Defining relative clauses are composed of a relative pronoun (sometimes omitted), a verb, and optional other elements such as the subject or object of the verb.

What is a nonrestrictive clause with examples?

Redwood trees, which grow in California, can be over 350 feet tall. ( Which grow in California is a nonrestrictive clause. It contains the subject which and the verb grow. The clause modifies the noun trees, providing additional, nonessential information about it.)

What is a restrictive clause?

A restrictive clause restricts or defines the meaning of a noun or noun phrase and provides necessary information about the noun in the sentence. It is not separated from the rest of the sentence by commas. Restrictive clauses are more common in writing than nonrestrictive clauses.

Which is used with restrictive clauses?

‘That’ always introduces a restrictive clause In modern English usage, “that” always introduces a restrictive clause (due to which it is almost never set off by commas): … In the first sentence, the subordinate clause specifies which box we are talking about, so using “that” without commas was appropriate.

Who is VS that is?

As a general rule of thumb use “who” in the singular person, and use “who” and “that” where appropriate in the plural person. But never use “who” to indicate an object/subject, instead use “that” for that purpose.

What is difference between which and that?

“That” is used to indicate a specific object, item, person, condition, etc., while “which” is used to add information to objects, items, people, situations, etc. Because “which” indicates a non-restrictive (optional) clause, it is usually set off by commas before “which” and at the end of the clause.

How do you use nonrestrictive elements?

A nonrestrictive element describes a word whose meaning is already clear without the additional words. It is not essential to the meaning of the sentence and is set off with commas. Example: The children needed sturdy shoes, which were expensive. In this sentence we learn an extra fact—the shoes were expensive.