What Is The Most Important Job That Commas Have?

What can be used instead of a comma?

semicolonThe semicolon is used when connecting two sentences or independent clauses.

Unlike the comma, you do not use coordinating conjunctions, e.g., and, or, but, etc.

A semicolon can also be used when connecting two independent clauses with conjunctive adverbs, e.g., however, therefore, thus, otherwise, etc..

What are the 13 comma rules?

13 Rules For Using Commas Without Looking Like An IdiotUse a comma before any coordinating conjunction (and, but, for, or, nor, so, yet) that links two independent clauses.Use a comma after a dependent clause that starts a sentence.Use commas to offset appositives from the rest of the sentence.

What does comma splice mean?

In English grammar, a comma splice or comma fault is the use of a comma to join two independent clauses. For example: It is nearly half past five, we cannot reach town before dark.

What is the importance of comma?

Commas are arguably the most important grammatical tool the English language has to offer. They splice a sentence, providing cohesion and unity. Commas also allow the reader to understand the proper connotation of a writer’s words. That’s a lot of heavy lifting for little scoop-shaped squiggles, isn’t it?

What are the 4 types of commas?

There are four types of comma: the listing comma, the joining comma, the gapping comma and bracketing commas.

How can a comma change the meaning?

Commas in sentencesAdding a comma can change the meaning of a sentence.In a long sentence, you can use commas to separate out extra information and make the sentence easier to read. … These clauses need the main part of the sentence to make sense, so they are connected with a comma.More items…

What a difference a comma makes?

The absence or presence of a comma can change the entire meaning of a sentence. For example, there’s a cannibalistic difference between “Let’s eat grandma” and “Let’s eat, grandma.” The same holds true for apostrophes, hyphens, colons, and other punctuation marks.

Where do we use commas?

Comma UseUse commas to separate independent clauses when they are joined by any of these seven coordinating conjunctions: and, but, for, or, nor, so, yet. … Use commas after introductory a) clauses, b) phrases, or c) words that come before the main clause.More items…

What does Oxford comma mean?

The Oxford (or serial) comma is the final comma in a list of things. For example: Please bring me a pencil, eraser, and notebook. … Use of the Oxford comma is stylistic, meaning that some style guides demand its use while others don’t.

Should you put a comma before and?

Whether or not you put a comma before and depends on how you’re using and. There’s no single rule that applies to all situations. You usually put a comma before and when it’s connecting two independent clauses. It’s almost always optional to put a comma before and in a list.

Do you need a comma after for example?

Use either a comma or a semicolon before introductory words such as namely, that is, i.e., e.g., for example, or for instance, when they are followed by a series of items. Also put a comma after the introductory word: (35) You may be required to bring many items, for example, sleeping bags, pans, and warm clothing.

What is a comma and how is it used?

A comma marks a slight break between different parts of a sentence. Used properly, commas make the meaning of sentences clear by grouping and separating words, phrases, and clauses. … Here are the main cases when you need to use a comma: in lists. in direct speech.

How do you avoid punctuation errors?

How to avoid 9 common punctuation mistakes that make you look dumbDon’t confuse “it’s” and “its.” … Don’t use an apostrophe to pluralize nouns. … Don’t write run-on sentences. … Don’t overuse commas. … Don’t use dashes and hyphens interchangeably. … Don’t use semicolons and commas interchangeably.More items…•

Why the Oxford comma is wrong?

The Oxford comma is often superfluous and a crutch for bad writing, yet it has many partisans who want to force it on everyone. … Furthermore, the example shows how using the Oxford comma encourages lazy writing. Relying on the Oxford comma for list-making may be clarifying, but it often interferes with good composition.

What are the three reasons we would use a comma?

Commas (Eight Basic Uses) … USE A COMMA TO SEPARATE INDEPENDENT CLAUSES. … USE A COMMA AFTER AN INTRODUCTORY CLAUSE OR PHRASE. … USE A COMMA BETWEEN ALL ITEMS IN A SERIES. … USE COMMAS TO SET OFF NONRESTRICTIVE CLAUSES. … USE A COMMA TO SET OFF APPOSITIVES. … USE A COMMA TO INDICATE DIRECT ADDRESS.More items…

What is a comma at the top called?

This final comma, known as an Oxford or serial comma, is useful in a complex series of elements or phrases but is often considered unnecessary in a simple series such as in the example above. It usually comes down to a style choice by the writer. The semicolon (;) is used to connect independent clauses.

What happens when you don’t use commas?

Incorrect use of commas can cause confusion or even a misreading of the information. In fiction, misuse of commas may create humor where none was intended or cause the reader to stop and have to reread for clarity.

What are commas examples?

Use a comma to separate contrasting parts of a sentence. Example: That is my money, not yours. Rule 16a. Use a comma before and after certain introductory words or terms, such as namely, that is, i.e., e.g., and for instance, when they are followed by a series of items.